How Is Chocolate Made?

Meet the Chocolate Maker

How a passion for chocolate and entrepreneurship became Boulder's Premium Artisan/CBD Chocolate Popular Business.

Meet Michael Caines, co-owner and chocolate maker at Moksha Chocolate. The name of the company comes from Sanskrit and means a “liberation of the cycle of life’s struggles.” In this Q & A, Michael shares the story behind the company with honesty and insight into what it’s like to try to find a more meaningful life – through chocolate. 

Michael is Australian and originally a horticulturalist who spent many years as a chef and cooking food so, food and where food came from was always very important to him. 

Fate happened that one day, out of the blue,  his wife’s brother called with a proposition to buy a chocolate farm in Peru. And so that’s how Moksha was born. 
It All Starts With The Beans


The beans are hand sorted and the irregular cracked or broken beans are set aside for butter making, Small batches of beans are roasted for around 15-20 minutes.  In addition to being an important factor for flavors development, the roasting process also further reduces the moisture content and kills off any lurking bacteria. The roast profile is extremely important for the flavor of the final product, so the chocolate maker must perfect the time and temperature.

Cracking & Winnowing

Following the roasting process, the outer husks become thin and the beans are winnowed, meaning the outer husks are removed leaving the inside of the beans called the nib. The aromatic nibs are ready to be made into chocolate and the shells are discarded.


Next, the nibs are ground into a thick paste with the use of a melangeur. The cacao nibs must be ground below 20 microns for a smooth and creamy finish. The nibs are ground for 2-3 days which gives the chocolate a beautiful flavor and texture.


Tempering is the process of raising and cooling the temperature of the chocolate to build the structure of the chocolate’s fat molecules. When chocolate is tempered properly, it should be smooth and have a clean and sturdy snap. The art of tempering lies in the precise way in which you heat and rapidly cool the chocolate. 


Once tempered, the melted chocolate is poured into molds and refrigerated until it sets.  A chocolate maker knows the chocolate is ready when it shrinks away from the mold.